Hair Loss Types And Causes

A persons hair can fall out for many different reasons and can range from mild hair thinning to total baldness. Below are some of the more common reasons for medical hair loss.

Alopecia Areata

Alopecia is extremely common in all age groups and is not a sign that all your hair will fall out. It generally starts in a cycle of one to three patches at a time and normally grows back after a few months.

In some cases, it may spread to a wider area but, with the help of scalp stimulation (which causes blood flow to the area) you can potentially speed up the process of the hair regrowing.

Mary has dealt with Alopecia since her early childhood and continues to do so as an adult but feels she has it under control.

Alopecia Areata does not have a permanent cure but Mary’s experience has made her realize that stress, anxiety and worry can be some of the main causes.

Massage is one of the best ways of stimulating the scalp to create blood flow to the area and help the hair follicle below the surface of the scalp.

Alopecia Areata
Alopecia Areata
Alopecia Areata

Alopecia Totalis

Alopecia Totalis results in hair loss across the entire scalp which is normally caused by post-traumatic stress or an auto-immune disorder. It is unlikely that this type of hair loss will grow back but there is no guarantee that it won’t. It can mostly be seen in adults. Researchers and doctors aren’t yet able to pinpoint the exact cause of Alopecia Totalis, though it’s understand that the condition is the result of an immune system problem. Your immune system is your body’s defence mechanism that protects you from illnesses, however, sometimes the immune system attacks healthy tissue. If you have any form of Alopecia, your immune system attacks your hair follicles. These attacks triggers inflammation, which leads to hair loss.

Alopecia Universalis

This type of hair loss is unlike other forms of alopecia. AU causes complete hair loss on your scalp and body. AU is a type of Alopecia Areata, however it differs from localized Alopecia Areata, which causes patches of hair loss and Alopecia Totalis, which causes complete hair loss on the scalp only. If you begin to lose hair on your head and on different parts of your body, this is a key sign of AU. Symptoms include loss of:

  • body hair
  • eyebrows
  • scalp hair
  • eyelashes

Hair loss can also occur on your pubic area and inside your nose. You may not have other symptoms, although some people have itching or a burning feeling in affected areas.


(trik-o-til-o-MAY-nee-uh), also called hair-pulling disorder, is a mental disorder that involves recurrent, irresistible urges to pull out hair from your scalp, eyebrows or other areas of your body, despite trying to stop. Hair pulling from the scalp often leaves patchy bald spots, which causes significant distress and can interfere with social or work functioning. People with trichotillomania may go to great lengths to disguise the loss of hair. For some people, trichotillomania may be mild and generally manageable, for others, the compulsive urge to pull hair is overwhelming. Some treatment options have helped many people reduce their hair pulling or stop entirely.


Female Pattern Baldness

Female Pattern Baldness, also called Androgenetic Alopecia, is hair loss that affects women. It’s similar to Male Pattern Baldness, except that women can lose their hair in a different pattern than men. Hair loss in women is normal, especially as you age. Up to two-thirds of women experience hair loss after Menopause. Female Pattern Baldness is hereditary and is more common after Menopause, so hormones are likely responsible. The sooner you get treated, the faster you’ll be able to stop the loss — and possibly even regrowth.

Early Menopause & Hair Loss

Experiencing early Menopause can feel like a very daunting and challenging time. Menopause most frequently occurs in women between the ages of 45 and 55 years old, whereas early Menopause occurs in women under the age of 45. Early Menopause can most noticeably be recognised when a woman’s period is intermittent or has stopped completely. Early Menopause can run in your family history or can occur as a result of a hormonal imbalance or medical treatment. When a woman goes through Menopause, they experience a change in hormones as their levels of oestrogen decreases. Stress can be a culprit when it comes to hair loss, and although this period of your life may be distressing right now, this feeling won’t last forever.

Early Menopause hair loss can feel like an uncertain time as it’s a factor that you can’t control. However, what you can control is your mindset, staying hydrated and eating well. Hair loss can impact anyone’s confidence, but you can turn this negative into a positive with a change in mindset. Thinning hair and hair loss in women isn’t talked about as much as it should be, which is why most women feel a knock in their confidence when they experience a negative change in their hair. At Escape Hair Loss Clinic Mary wants to reassure you that wigs can:

  1. Restore your confidence
  2. Help you to feel like your old self

It can feel like an emotional step if it’s your first time wearing a wig, and that’s perfectly ok. When it comes to choosing the right style and hair colour to complement your skin tone, Escape Hair Loss Clinic is the perfect place to start!

We Are Here When You Need Us

Going through hair loss is not an easy thing to do, it can be a time of sadness, anxiety and even despair, which is why we are here for you when you need us. If you would like to speak to us about your hair loss issues and look at solutions that will help you look and feel like your old self then drop us a line to book your hair loss consultation.

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